The use of the editing, framing of the action, point of view, and music can be seen as a curve to control your viewers’ emotions.
If you want to create an emotional impact, you have to know how each type of cut, framing, point of view, and music affects your viewers’ emotion.
The basic emotions I’ll use in this example are Anxiety and Relaxation. So, let’s see how each montage, framing, point of view, and music creates a different effect.
- Fast paced creates Anxiety. (+1)
- Slow paced creates Relaxation. (+1)
- Wide shots creates Relaxation. (-1)
- Close Ups creates Anxiety. (+1)
P= Point of View:
- Tilt Down creates Relaxation. (-1)
- Regular (actors same height) (0)
- Tilt Up creates Anxiety. (+1)
Music (Harmony Patterns):
- Consonant Harmony creates Relaxation (Major Chords). (-1)
- Dissonant Harmony creates Anxiety. (+1) (the more notes a chord has, the higher the anxiety it produces)
Anxiety or Relaxation in editing is the result of the sum of the editing, framing, and points of view values multiplied by the music.
A = (E+F+P)M
How to use it:
Each shot has its own anxiety value, so when you want to control your viewers’ emotion you just have to be sure you are driving them to a progressive effect.
Start by creating a low anxiety shot and then guide them increasingly to your desired level. But be sure to have ups and downs as you want your dramatic curve to be changing during your entire piece of art.
*Algorithm + Rythm.
If you know the three act structure, you know what I am talking about!
Use it as a guide for every scene, the same way music progresses is the way your editing must progress. Every scene has an arc. Use that arc with your editing.